[August 5-12] CCG’s Week in Review: Curated News in Information Law and Policy

This week, the President assented to the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill passed by Parliament, diving the state into two Union Territories as a state-wide communications shutdown continues; Reliance Jio announced release of Jio Fibre and its IoT platform; the cryptocurrency bill likely to come up in the next session of Parliament; PMO expected to give their stance on data localisation soon – presenting this week’s most important developments in law and tech.   

Cybersecurity

  • [Aug 8] WhatsApp risk: Hackers can change your messages, claims Israeli cybersecurity firm, Business Today report.
  • [Aug 9] Cyberattack warning as dangerous issues found on popular office printers: report, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 9] Broadcom-Symantec deal troubles cybersecurity experts, Search Security report.
  • [Aug 10] India ranked highest in IoT cyberattacks last quarter: report, News 18 report.
  • [Aug 10] Full-on war for cybersecurity talent as threats from hackers worsen, The Business Times report.

Internet Shutdowns

  • [Aug 5] This is the 51st internet shutdown in Jammu and Kashmir in 2019, Quartz report.
  • [Aug 5] India is the world’s leader in internet shutdowns, Foreign Policy report.

Internal Security: Kashmir and Abrogation of Articles 370 and 35A

  • [Aug 5] Rajya Sabha passes Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, scraps Articles 370, 35A, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 5] Article 370: Disobedience by Police, bureaucracy factored in, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 6] J&K Reorganisation Bill passed in Lok Sabha, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 6] Kashmir in lockdown after autonomy scrapped, BBC News report.
  • [Aug 6] Article 370 debate: Who said what as Modi govt scraps J&K’s special status, divides it in 2 UTs, India Today report.
  • [Aug 6] 2,000 sat phones, drones, 35k troops: How PM Modi prepped for Article 370 endgame, The Hindustan Times report.
  • [Aug 6] With Kashmir move, India risks losing the upper hand of a responsible, nuclear-armed democracy, Quartz report.
  • [Aug 6] In Kashmir move, critics say, Modi is trying to make India a Hindu nation, The New York Times report.
  • [Aug 7] Legal work behind scrapping of Article 370 began before Lok Sabha polls, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 7] Article 370: Pakistan to Downgrade Diplomatic Ties with India, The Wire report.
  • [Aug 7] NSA Ajit Doval visits J&K, interacts with Kashmiris over lunch, Livemint report.
  • [Aug 7] Parliament revokes Article 370, J&K bifurcation sealed, The Hindustan Times report.
  • [Aug 8] Ladakh in lockdown as protests flare up against J&K bifurcation, Livemint report.
  • [Aug 8] Pak nervous about India’s steps in J&K, says MEA, The Hindu report.
  • [Aug 9] Article 370 fallout: Pakistan now decided to ban all cultural exchanges with India, Business Today report; Financial Express report.
  • [Aug 9] NSA Ajit Doval approves 600 phones for troops in Kashmir to connect with family, India Today report.
  • [Aug 9] Phone services, internet partially restored in Kashmir ahead of Eid, NDTV report.
  • [Aug 10] Protests or peace in Srinagar? Videos from the BBC and Prasar Bharti show conflicting footage, Scroll.in report.
  • [Aug 10] India asks Pakistan to see ‘new reality’, The Asian Age report.
  • [Aug 10] Kashmir updates; Pakistan orders suspension of bus services on 3 routes, India Today report.
  • [Aug 10] Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh to come into existence on Sardar Patel’s birth anniversary, News 18 report.
  • [Aug 10] After Imran warns on Art 370, sleepy terror camps came alive in PoK: report, Deccan Chronicle report.
  • [Aug 10] 1964: When parties wanted Article 370 abrogated, The Hindustan Times report.
  • [Aug 10] Pakistan ups the ante over Kashmir, The Hindu report.
  • [Aug 11] Why PM Modi acted now on Kashmir? India Today report.
  • [Aug 11] India eases restrictions in Kashmir for Eid, The Straits Times report.
  • [Aug 11] Petitions in SC on J&K move, The Hindu report; Times of India report.
  • [Aug 11] Article 370 removal will result in end of terrorism in Kashmir, asserts Amit Shah, Money Control report.
  • [Aug 11] NSA Ajit Doval to oversee Kashmir’s three vital days, India Today report.

Tech and Law Enforcement

  • [Aug 6] Pakistan users tweet #ModiKillingKashmiris, cybercrime officials monitor over 1.58 lakh tweets using the tag, The Hindu report.
  • [Aug 8] WhatsApp can trace message origin, says IIT-M professor, ET Tech report.

Tech and National Security

  • [Aug 5] Centre invites private sector to test military gear, Deccan Herald report.
  • [Aug 5] US Defence Secretary insists it wasn’t Trump that demanded $10bn JEDI Cloud review, Data Economy report.
  • [Aug 5] US Defence Secretary insists it wasn’t Trump that demanded $10bn JEDI Cloud review, Data Economy report.
  • [Aug 7] Defence Ministry to decide on buying two BrahMos missile coastal batteries to tackle enemy warships, ANI News report.
  • [Aug 8] Defence acquisition council approves acquisition of two BrahMos missile batteries for Indian navy, Times of India report; ANI News  report; The New Indian Express report; Outlook report; Financial Express report.
  • [Aug 9] Self-reliance in Defence Sector can be achieved through start-ups: Rajnath Singh, ANI News report.
  • [Aug 10] Rajnath Singh promises private companies to go through ideas on easing norms, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 10] India and US unlikely to sign pact for mutual access to geospatial maps, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 10] India exporting defence equipment to friendly countries: Defence ministry official, The Economic Times report.

Data Protection Bill

  • [Aug 6] India’s Personal data Protetction Bill: What we know so far, Money Control report.
  • [Aug 7] Tech firms have no data on proposed data protection bill, ET Tech report.
  • [Aug 7] New bill lacks teeth to ensure data protection of Indians: Experts, Outlook report.
  • [Aug 12] Delhi Police recommends relaxing of restrictions on investigative agencies in teh data protection Bill, Medianama report.


Data Protection and Privacy

  • [Aug 5] UK watchdog eyeing PM Boris Johnson’s Facebook ads data grab, Tech Crunch report.
  • [Aug 6] Congress accuses Telangana Govt of provacy breach, MoS for Home Affairs to look into the matter: Report, ANI report; Medianama report.  
  • [Aug 6] Twitter says it may have used private data for ads without users’ permission, The Hill report.
  • [Aug 6] Facebook, Google Twitter aren’t prepared for presidential deepfakes, MIT Technology review report.
  • [Aug 9] The Irish Data Protection Commission is looking into how millions of Instagram users’ personal data was harvested by one of the company’s partners, Business Insider report.
  • [Aug 9] Amazon’s lead EU data regulator is asking questions about Alexa privacy, Tech Crunch report.

Ecommerce

  • [Aug 5] Govt proposes grievance officers, tighter rules for Shein, Clun Factory and ecommerce players, Inc42 report
  • [Aug 10] New guidelines on e-commerce and data protection are largely positive, The Hindu Business Line report.

Data Localisation

  • [Aug 8] PMO’s stand on data localisation soon, ET Tech report.

Digital India

  • [Aug 5] Chennai is quickly turning into the new hotbed for SaaS and deep-tech startups, ET Tech report.
  • [Aug 6] Summary: National Digital Health Blueprint proposes new body for digital health mission, health data exchanges and registries, Medianama report.
  • [Aug 8] Finance Ministry clarification helps startups breathe easy on angel tax, Tech Circle report.
  • [Aug 8] Wipro signs 5 year digital transformation deal with Montreal Airport Authority, Tech Circle report.

Aadhaar

  • [Aug 6] Hyderabad: Rescued kids have same DoB: Traffickers used Aadhaar cards as age proof to escape police’s attention, Deccan Chronicle report.
  • [Aug 6] RBI might extend the deadline for full KYC to March 2020: NASSCOM, Inc42 report.
  • [Aug 7] Aadhaar is now mandatory for students, but is it legal? The New Indian Express report.
  • [Aug 7] Students stare at scholarship setback, Deccan Herald report.
  • [Aug 8] Aadhaar for cows and buffaloes: India is developing world’s largest livestock database, Money Control report; The New Indian Express report.
  • [Aug 10] TN Govt makes Aadhaar enrolment compulsory for school students, sparks row, The News Minute report.
  • [Aug 11] Manipur: Six Rohingya migrants arrested for entering India with fake Aadhaar IDs, The Indian Express report.
  • [Aug 12] Aadhaar Pay regains tempo, usage hits 200 million, ET Rise report.
  • [Aug 12] Aadhaar enabled payment system witnesses 11% rise in transaction value, Entrackr report.

Digital Payments

  • [Aug 6] Mobile wallet firms look to RBI for eKYC options, ET Tech report.
  • [Aug 8] RBI’s Central Registry to track frauds in payment systems, ET Tech report.
  • [Aug 8] RBI brings in major change in Bharat Bill Payment System regime, ET Tech report

Cryptocurrencies

  • [Aug 4] New Iranian Law: Govt will not recognize crypto-related trade, Coin Telegraph report.
  • [Aug 5] Mastercard is building a team to develop crypto, wallet projects, Coin Desk report; Crypto NewsZ report.
  • [Aug 5] Cryptocurrency in China: Over the counter, under the table, Coin Deask report.
  • [Aug 5] Bitcoin price soars as China softens stance on crypto, devalues Yuanh, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 5] Crypto is replacing fiat currency in troubled countries, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 6] Privacy Commissioners from around the world raise concerns over Facebook’s Libra privacy risks, Medianama report.
  • [Aug 7] ECB says it’s ramping up crypto surveillance to include off-chain data, Coin Telegraph report.
  • [Aug 7] South Korean Watchdog plans direct supervision of crypto exchanges, Coin Desk report.
  • [Aug 8] Serious security warning issued for world’s biggest bitcoin and crypto exchange, Binance, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 8] Indian Supreme Court heard crypto case in depth, Bitcoin News report.
  • [Aug 8] State-sponsored Chinese hacking group targeting crypto firms: report, Coin Desk report.
  • [Aug 9] India could lose billions in revenue from banning crypto, Coingeek report.
  • [Aug 10] Global system to combat crypto-driven money laundering in development, New BTC report.
  • [Aug 10] India to introduce Crypto Bill in next Parliament session – a look at community responses, Bitcoin News report.

Telecom/5G

  • [Aug 6] BSNL reviews outsourced functions to save cost; faces rs. 800 crore revenue-expense gap, ET Telecom report.
  • [Aug 6] TRAI directs telcos to submit monthly reports on complaints under new pesky call rules, ET Telecom report.
  • [Aug 9] 5G Rollout: Govt decision on Huawei role soon, Financial Express report.
  • [Aug 12] Reliance Jio launching broadband service on Sep 5, Entrackr report.

More on Huawei

  • [Aug 5] Huawei’s latest earnings mask its trouble outside China, Wired report.
  • [Aug 6] China warns India of ‘reverse sanctions’ if Huawei is blocked, ET Telecom report; Livemint report; Business Today report.
  • [Aug 6] China jobs impacted after Huawei row: Manufacturer, Al Jazeera report.
  • [Aug 6] Your company’s surprising supply chain exposure on Huawei, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 7] China ‘blackmailing’ India into using Huawei infra: US Congressman, ET Telecom report.
  • [Aug 7] Trump administration to ban agencies from directly purchasing equipment or services from Huawei, ZTE and Hickvision, CNBC report.; The Economic Times report
  • [Aug 7] Huawei pushes ahead with US $ 1.4 bn R&D Centre in Shanghai in spite of US trade restrictions, South China Morning Post report.
  • [Aug 9] Huawei launches own operating system to rival Android, The Economic Times report; Engadget report.

Big Tech

  • [Aug 9] More women going up the ladder in global tech firms, ET Tech report.

Internet of Things (IoT)

  • [Aug 12] Jio’s IoT platform to be commercially available by January 2020: Mukesh Ambani, Money Control report; News 18 report.

Opinions and Analyses

  • [Aug 5] Gautam Bhatia, Indian Constitutional Law and philosophy Blog, The Article 370 Amendments: Key Legal Issues.
  • [Aug 5] Marty Puranik, Forbes, Can AI be used to bolster cybersecurity?
  • [Aug 5] Matthew Prince, Cloudflare, Terminating Service for 8chan. 
  • [Aug 5] Ron Shevlin, Forbes, Why does Walmart want a cryptocurrency?
  • [Aug 6] Faizan Mustafa, The Indian Express, Explained: What are Articles 370 and 35A?
  • [Aug 6] David Lyon and Clin Bennett, The Conversation, Data driven elections and the key questions about voter surveillance.
  • [Aug 6] Pratap Bhanu Mehta, The Indian Express, The story of Indian democracy is written in blood and betrayal.
  • [Aug 6] Syed Ata Hasnain, Times of India, The end of autonomy: Pakistan’s negative ambitions spurred Centre’s decision on Kammu and Kashmir.
  • [Aug 6] Atul Pant, Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis, C2D2: An agile defence acquisition model.
  • [Aug 6] Amitabh Mattoo, The Hindu, Piecing together Kashmir’s audacious roadmap.
  • [Aug 6] Monika Halan, Livemint, Data is already currency, now you may be able to use own data.
  • [Aug 6] Paul Rosenzweig, Lawfare, Preliminary Observations on the Utility of Measuring Cybersecurity.
  • [Aug 6] Daisuke Wakabatashi, The New York Times, Legal Shield for Websites Rattles under Onslaught of Hate Speech.
  • [Aug 7] Jitendra Singh, Entrackr, Why breaking WhatsApp encryption could have chilling effect on its users.
  • [Aug 7] Yau Tsz Yan, The Diplomat, Smart Cities or Surveillance? Huawei in Central Asia.
  • [Aug 7] Luv Puri, The Hindu, The new facts on the ground for Kashmir.
  • [Aug 8] Wajahat Habibullah, The Hindustan Times, Revocation of Article 370 could trigger a sense of betrayal in Kashmir.
  • [Aug 8] Tarun Shridhar, Indian Express, Now, also an Aadhaar card for cattle and buffaloes.
  • [Aug 8] Gregory Barber, Wired, AI Needs Your Data – And you should get paid for it.
  • [Aug 8] Bibyesh Anand, Foreign Policy, Kashmir is a dress rehearsal for Hindu nationalist fantasies.
  • [Aug 8] Katie Mettler, The Washington Post, Why free speech makes it difficult to prosecute white supremacy in America.
  • [Aug 9] Avantika Mehta, The Leaflet, Facebook bats for WhatsApp privacy protection.
  • [Aug 9] Vikram Mahajan, The Economic Times, India-US Defence Deals: Why CAATSA should be avoided.
  • [Aug 9] Guest Author, Medianama, AI in Military Operations: Where does India stand?
  • [Aug 10] Suhrith Parthasarthy, The Hindu, Incisive interventions that blunt the RTI’s edge.
  • [Aug 11] Navnita Chadha Behera, Deccan Herald, Article 370 meant to extend Indian sovereignty over J&K.
  • [Aug 11] Minhaz Merchant, Business World, China after Huawei and Hong Kong.
  • [Aug 12] Rakesh K Singh, The Pioneer, Pakistan steps up espionage efforts for Pulwama 2.0.
  • [Aug 12] Sandipan Deb, Livemint, The revocation of Article 370 ends a foul majoritarianism.
  • [Aug 12] Rayan Naqash, Firstpost, Kashmir after Artilce 370: State’s existential crisis worsens as it grapples with idea that Centre has dissolved mainstream politics.
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[July 29- August 5] CCG’s Week in Review: Curated News in Information Law and Policy

Internet services suspended in Kashmir; The unrest over the passage of the RTI bill continues as the president gives assent to the RTI Amendment bill. Rajya Sabha passes Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment bill on Friday after days of deadlock — presenting this week’s most important developments in law and tech.

Data Protection Bill

  • [July 30] India to seek ‘adequacy’ status with GDPR after Data Protection Bill is passed, The Economic Times report; Medianama report.
  • [Aug 1] India should adopt strong data protection laws to improve data flows with EU, says envoy, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 2] Data Protection Law: Mahua Moitra alleges conflict of interests against lawyers working with govt, India Today report; The Wire report.
  • [Aug 5] Critical’ data list will be revised with time; move may trouble firms, ET Tech report.

Right to Information

  • Aug 1] Activists urge President to not give assent to RTI Bill; detained by police, Deccan Herald report; The New Indian Express report; Outlook report.
  • [Aug 2] ‘Use RTI to save RTI’ movement begins across the country as president Kovind gives assent to the RTI Amendment Bill, Money Life report.

National Security Law

  • [Aug 2] UAPA Bill passed in Rajya Sabha with 147 votes in favour, 42 against, India Today report; India Today report; The Hindu report; The Tribune analysis.
  • [Aug 2] CDS or NSA: A bone of contention in India’s strategic affairs, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 3] Trader arrested under National Security Act for alleged milk adulteration, NDTV report.

National Security and Free Speech

  • [Aug 2] Facebook takes down accounts and pages from UAE, Egypt, and Saudi Arabia, Medianama report.
  • [Aug 3] NIA for media gag in ‘sensitive’ Malegaon trial, The Times of India report.
  • [Aug 5] Omar Abdullah, Mehbooba put under house arrest, internet services snapped as Kashmir remains tense, News 18 report.
  • [Aug 5] Kashmir on edge: Security beefed up, restrictions imposed, Internet services suspended, many leaders ‘detained or arrested’. The Economic Times report

Digital India

  • [July 31] Amend law to regulate ride-hailing firms like Ola and Uber: SC tells Govt, Entrackr report.
  • [July 31] Bring a law to regulate Ola, Uber: SC asks Govy, ET Tech report
  • [July 31] CCI dismisses abuse of dominance complaint against OYO, ET Tech report; Entrackr report.
  • [July 31] Lok Sabha to become paperless from next session: Speaker, Times of India report.
  • [Aug 1] Delhi HC hears out petition demanding ban on online websites; ‘What makes you special?’ Chief Justice asks AIGF, Medianama report.
  • [Aug 1] EC announces revision of electoral rolls,. The Tribune report.
  • [Aug 5] Government to formulate broad set of rules for Ola, Uber soon, Entrackr report.

Data Privacy and Breaches

  • [July 29] EU court rules companies liable for data protection with Facebook ‘Like’ button, Telecom paper report.
  • [July 29] European Commission takes Spain, Greece to court for failing to enact data protection rules for police, Medianama report.
  • [July 31] Analysts flag data privacy concerns over FaceApp, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 31] Data breach discovered in financial services platforms Chqbook, Credit Fair by vpnMentor, ET Tech report.
  • [July 31] Truecaller fixes bug after facing flak from users for automatic UPI signup, Entrackr report.
  • [Aug 1] Google halts Assistant speech data transcription in EU, The Economic Times report; POLITICO report.
  • [Aug 3] Apple contractors will stop listening to your Siri recordings – for now, Wired report.

Aadhaar

  • [Aug 3] PIB Press release error made Aadhaar mandatory for driving license, The Quint report.
  • [Aug 4] Aadhaar updation centre comes up at BSNL office, The Tribune report.
  • [Aug 5] National Population register to include Aadhaar details, The Economic Times report; Entrackr report.

E-Commerce

  • [Aug 1] Amazon may shop for stake in Reliance retail, ET Tech report; Entracke report.
  • [Aug 2] Biz in China not easy: IT cos tell Piyush Goyal, ET Tech report.

Digital Payments/FinTech

  • [Aug 1] UPI processed 822 million transactions in July, ET Tech report; Entrackr report; Medianama report.
  • [Aug 1] 50% dip in India’s fintech investments in H1 2019, ET Tech report.
  • [Aug 3] Fin-tech players enabling payment through Aadhaar card, Deccan Chronicle report.

Cryptocurrencies

  • [July 29] Facebook and Libra are looming large over tomorrow’s crypto hearing in Congress, Forbes report.
  • [July 30] You could be fined or jailed for holding crypto, Livemint report.
  • [July 31] NASSCOM says banning cryptocurrencies ‘not constructive’ regulate them instead, Medianama report, The Economic Times report; Livemint report; The Hindu Business Line report.
  • [July 31] UK Finance watchdog issues guidance on regulation for bitcoin and crypto assets, Coin Desk report.
  • [July 31] Indian Finance Minister addresses crypto proposal – industry responds, Bitcoin.com news report.
  • [July 31] Watch out cryptocurrency owners, the IRS is on the hunt, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 1] Bitcoin has ‘no intrinsic value’, as UK ‘moves towards’ crypto ban, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 1] ‘Crypto rogue’ nations want to use blockchains to undermine the US dollar, MIT Tech review report.
  • [Aug 2] Indian government updates parliament on crypto plans, Bitcoin News report.
  • [Aug 2] South Korea declares partial regulation-free zone for crypto companies, Coin Desk report.
  • [Aug 3] Apple card can’t be used to buy crypto, Tech Crunch report.

Cybersecurity

  • July 30] Over half of enterprise firms don’t have a clue if their cybersecurity solutions are working, ZD Net report.
  • [July 31] Emerson sets up cybersecurity lab in Pune, ET Rise report.
  • [Aug 1] CISCO whistleblower gets first False Claims payout over cybersecurity, Reuters report.
  • [Aug 1] Financial services cybersecurity still porous, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 2] How to jumpstart your career in cybersecurity, Forbes report.
  • [Aug 2] US GAO blasts cybersecurity efforts of Federal agencies, watchdog points to numerous risk management shortcomings, Bank Info Security report.
  • [Aug 3] Cyber Workshop held for Shanghai Cooperation Organization Delegation, The Hans India report.

Telecom/5G

  • [July 30] 5G: Telecoms lobby demands access to high-band spectrum for 5G, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 30] BSNL, MTNL merger may take two years, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 30] DoT starts issuing telecom equipment test certificates, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 30] Jio to raise $1 bn via offshore loans to buy telecom gear, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 31] Swadeshi Jagran Manch objects to DoT team to attend 5G conference, writes to PMO, India Today report; Business Today report; The New India Express report.
  • [July 31] TRAI moots KYC norms for cable TV, DTH connections, The Hindu report.
  • [July 31] US warns of implications of adopting 5G tech from ‘totalitarian states’, The Economic times report.
  • [Aug 1] Anshu Prakash takes over as new telecom secretary today, ET Telecom report.
  • [Aug 1] ET 5G Congress; Huawei India CEO says high spectrum costs a big challenge, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 2] Govt calls in industry to make robust investments in 5 G tech, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 5] Security concerns should be addressed before adopting 5G: Airtel, The Economic Times report.

More on Huawei

  • [July 29] Huawei row may escalate, hit Modi-Xi Jinping meet, The Asian Age report
  • [July 29] Huawei’s first 5G phone goes on sale in China next month, Tech Crunch report.
  • [July 30] Huawei’s sales jump despite trump’s blacklisting, The New York Times report.
  • [Aug 2] The US-China trade war is back on, that’s bad news for Huawei, CNN Business report.
  • [Aug 3] Huawei wins bid to build 4G network in Kiev subway, Xinhua News report.

Tech and Law Enforcement

  • [July 29] RS Prasad: Traceability will be WhatsApp’s job, WhatsApp demurs, Medianama report.
  • [July 30] Call for backdoor access to WhatsApp as Five Eyes nations meet, The Guardian report.
  • [July 31] Facebook fact-checker says company must share more data to fight misinformation, ET Telecom report.
  • [Aug 1] FBI seeks tools to help track criminals and terrorists via social media, Defense One report.
  • [Aug 3] The Pentagon is testing powerful mass-surveillance balloons above six US states., Quartz report
  • [Aug 5] Hyderabad: Rs. 149 crore lost to fraud, netizens still unwary, Deccan Chronicle report.

Tech and National Security

  • [July 29] American tech shudders as China cyber rules are expected to get tougher, The Wall Street Journal report.
  • [July 29] India rethinking buying US $6 bn drone after Iran’s downing of Global Hawk, DefenseWorld.net report.
  • [Aug 2] Balakot lessons: India needs to upgrade its fighter fleet, gain tech advantage, The Economic Times report.
  • [Aug 2] India, US to ink two key defence pacts this week, The Hindustan Times report.; Deccan Herald report.
  • [Aug 4] Rs. 25,000 crore tenders cancelled or modified to promote ‘Make in India’, The Hindu Business Line report.

Big Tech

  • [July 31] Govt considering directly taxing non-resident Big Tech companies, The Economic Times report; Medianama report.
  • [July 31] Google researchers find 6 iOS security flaws, ET Telecom report.
  • [Aug 1] FTC Antitrust probe of Facebook scrutinizes its acquisitions, The Wall Street Journal report.

Emerging Tech/AI

  • [July 30] StradVision unveils autonomous vehicles camera tech, ET Auto report.
  • [July 31] AI could reshape work environment by 2030, says Dell study, Tech Circle report
  • [July 31] Alphabet’s AI might be able to predict kidney disease, Wired report.
  • [July 31] Another US city moves to ban face recognition, citing threats to free speech and civil rights. Gizmodo report.
  • [July 31] This autonomous bicycle shows China’s rising expertise in AI chips, Technology Review report.
  • [Aug 1] AI bar system makes sure patrons are served in the right order, Engadget report.
  • [Aug 1] How this startup is using AI, IoT to deliver smart solutions for power shortages, Tech Circle report.
  • [Aug 1] The ripple effects of Artificial Intelligence, Money Control report.
  • [Aug 1] How AI can support cybersecurity leader, Tech Radar report.

Opinions and Analysis

  • [July 26] Patrick Tucker, Defense One, When Trump threatens Google, here’s what he doesn’t get.
  • [July 28] Livemint Opinion, A China that hides its strength no longer.
  • [July 29] Aarthi Shridhar, Money Control, The privacy of environmental crimes.
  • [July 29] Air Marshal SBP Sinha, Bharat Shakti, Prioritising threat-based expenditure.
  • [July 29] PK Balachandran, TheCitizen.in, China’s White Paper on Defense is soft on India and hard on Taiwan.
  • [July 29] Sayantan Bera, Livemint, Five ways to save the spirit of RTI.
  • [July 30] Alexian Chiavegato, Forbes, One-year reflection on the GDPR: Who really benefits from data protection?
  • [July 30] Amba Kak, Times of India (blog), Privacy law needs public debate: Data protection law must guard against internal as well as external threats to citizen privacy.
  • [July 30] Brian G Chow, Defense One, Two ways to ward off killer spacecraft: One is diplomatic, the other, technological.
  • [July 30] Fredrik Bussler, Forbes, The future of crypto: security tokens as a ‘boring’ reality.
  • [July 30] TK Arun, The Economic Times, Don’t rob the states to fund defence, the Centre should modernise the armed forces and defence production instead.
  • [July 30] Vikram Kumar, The Economic Times, Three reasons why IoT is the biggest innovation in the tracking industry.
  • [July 31] Amna Mirza, The New Indian Express, Changing gears for industry 4.0.
  • [July 31] Anmdrew Burt, Harvard Business Review, New laws on data privacy and security are coming. Is your company ready?
  • [July 31] Harshajit Sarmah, Analytics India Magazine. 6 challenges using open source cybersecurity tools.
  • [July 31] Kalvakuntla Kavitha, The Print, India must rethink strategies on national security if it wants to join ranks with US, China.
  • [July 31] Klint Finley, Wired, When Open Source software comes with a few catches.
  • [July 31] Reetika Khera, The Hindu, The makings of a digital kleptocracy.
  • [Aug 1] Leo Kelion, BBC News, AI system ‘should be recognized as an inventor’.
  • [Aug 1] Varun Kannan, The Wire, Aadhaar Amendment Bill: Is expanding the use of UID legally sustainable?
  • [Aug 2] Saad Masood, The Daily Times (Pakistan), Doctrine, policy and strategy: Is freedom of expression compatible with national security?
  • [Aug 3] John Desimone, The Hill, A cyber solution to secure our networks and close the workforce gap.
  • [Aug 3] Sputnik International, The Pentagon does not want to give up Chinese technology.
  • [Aug 4] Akhil Kumar, The Wire, Chargesheet against JNU teachers will have a ‘chilling effect on free speech’.

Big Brother is Watching : The Right to Privacy for Minors

The 2017 judgement by a 9 judge bench in the case of Justice K.S. Puttaswamy vs. Union of India successfully cemented the Right to Privacy for citizens under Article 21 of the Constitution. The judgement was a turning point in the debate on the right to privacy which has been raised in court time and again starting from the 1964 judgement in the case of Kharak Singh vs. State of UP.

However, this was not the end of the conversation on the right to privacy, the recent decision of the Supreme Court in the case of Amber Tickoo vs Government of NCT of Delhi reignited the debate which surrounds the right to privacy, specifically the right to privacy of minors.

The Amber Tickoo Case

In September 2017, following the murder of a 4-year-old at Ryan International School, Delhi education minister Manish Sisodiya made the decision to install CCTV cameras in every Delhi government school. These cameras would cover not only the hallways and the common areas but also the classrooms. Further, in December of the same year it was decided that the feed from these cameras would be made available online for the parents to access.

 In July 2019, a Delhi government school in Lajpat Nagar became the first school fully equipped with CCTV cameras in all classrooms. According to the government the next step would be to provide the parents access to the live feed through a mobile app which they can access using a password.

These decisions of the Delhi government were challenged before the Supreme Court though a public interest litigation in the Amber Tickoo case. The petitioners argued that the installation of these cameras would result in an infringement of the right to privacy ensured in the Puttaswamy judgement. They also argued that making the live feed of students available online would jeopardize the safety and security of the students.

The Supreme Court dismissed the petition without granting any interim relief, and disposed of the case. Consequently, the implementation of the programme will see almost 1000 schools across Delhi equipped with CCTV camera’s by November.

Right to Privacy in Public Spaces

The Puttaswamy judgement while broadly dealing with the issue of the right to privacy, extended the right to privacy of individuals to the public space.

“If the reason for protecting privacy is the dignity of the individual, the rationale for its existence does not cease merely because the individual has to interact with others in the public arena. The extent to which an individual expects privacy in a public street may be different from that which she expects in the sanctity of the home. Yet if dignity is the underlying feature, the basis of recognising the right to privacy is not denuded in public spaces… Privacy attaches to the person and not to the place where it is associated.”

The court thus acknowledges that acts done by individuals in public spaces are not necessarily public in nature, and that individuals would still be guaranteed the right to privacy in such situations.

However, in this case, the right is not being extended to minors. In his interview, Akshay Marathe, a member of Delhi government’s Dialogue & Development Commission Task force on school education argues that classrooms cannot be considered to be private by ‘any stretch of imagination’. Following the principle laid down in the Puttaswamy judgement, despite classrooms being a public space, children still possess a right to privacy, since the right is attached to their person and not the space, they are in. The installation of CCTV cameras in classrooms would thus ignore these rights and appears to imply that minors do not possess the same right to privacy as adults.

CCTV cameras in Schools

The government has supported its decision to install security cameras inside classrooms for many reasons. The decision was made in response to incidents of violence in schools such as the assault of a 4-year-old girl . However, in addition to assuaging safety concerns, the government also states that having access to the live feeds from these cameras would bring down delinquency and truancy complaints for children. This measure is also meant to bolster the confidence of parents in the quality of education being imparted to the students as they would personally be able to judge the performance of the teachers via the live feed.

This experiment with CCTV cameras in school is not a novel concept. Several other jurisdictions have already implemented similar strategies in schools from equipping teachers with two-way radios, to installing CCTV cameras in schools, even in changing rooms. Almost 90% of secondary schools in the UK are now equipped with security cameras, and this constant surveillance has been criticized by many, including the teachers. Research suggests that pupils in UK are monitored as frequently as inmates in prisons and customers at an airport.

A study conducted on CCTV surveillance of primary school children in Israel also concludes that the cameras lead to a growing fear in the children that they were constantly being recorded everywhere. The study also revealed a tension between the normalisation of school surveillance, but increased resistance to other surveillance among children which could eventually cause behavioural problems in the children outside of school.

In addition to the previous problems faced in the implementation of CCTV systems in schools, the Delhi government also faces increased concerns about the responsibility of the government towards the children, as there are no laws which govern the use of CCTV cameras in schools in India. The question of parental access to feeds is also in question as the present digital infrastructure may not be able to support this venture, and the government has given no answers on how it intends to validate the identity of the parents on the smartphone app.

Rights of Minors

The rights of minors differ in aspect and scope from the rights provided to adult citizens of a state. As a vulnerable group of society, the state has chosen to prioritise security concerns over the right to privacy of children. While the installation of CCTV cameras in Delhi government schools is in the limelight now, this is by no means the only policy of such a nature to be implemented in the country. A bench at the Madras High Court recently directed the Tamil Nadu transport commissioner to issue orders mandating the installation of CCTV cameras and GPS in all school buses. Schools in Gurugram are now also set to follow in the footsteps of the Delhi model where the district education officer has called for all government schools to install CCTV cameras. They also allow schools with a paucity of funds to seek additional grants for the installation of these cameras.

While the installation of the cameras has generated mixed reviews with parents being generally happy with the news and teachers apprehensive about the same, the move has ignored some large concerns relating to the scrutiny of minors. The livestreaming of the classroom feeds is one such issue, due to the enormous scale of the process, it will be impossible to ensure the safety of this feed. The feed can be accessed though a mobile app and a password, which makes it vulnerable to leaks. There has also been no research done to investigate the effect of such constant scrutiny on children and teachers.

To sum up, the right to privacy of children is often considered subjugated to other concerns, this can most accurately be seen in the statement by CM Kejriwal which states that “There will be no privacy breach, children go to school for education, to learn discipline and become good citizens of the country… they do not go there for anything private”. It also fully ignores the question of illegal access to these live-feeds by unauthorized parties arguing that “Hypothetically even if one does get access, he will only see 40 kids studying. Nothing more can be obtained out of it.”

The decision to install CCTV cameras in schools ultimately made to benefit students and bolster the security in schools following recent events. However, the move to live-stream feeds from these classrooms has come under considerable scrutiny, with the Government School Teachers Association protesting the same. Following the refusal of the Supreme Court to intervene on the matter, Delhi schools are set to implement the policy, with other places following suit. 

[July 22-29] CCG’s Week in Review: Curated News in Information Law and Policy

The RTI Amendment Bill was passed by both houses of the Parliament as the Government considers relaxation in proposed data localisation requirements for foreign tech firms; crypto critiques by the Garg Committee’s proposed ban; probes and penalties in the struggle to regulate global tech giants— presenting this week’s most important developments in law and tech.

Right to Information

  • [July 23] Lok Sabha passes bill to amend RTI, Oppn says centre is weakening the law, Livemint report; The Economic Times report.
  • [July 23] Lok Sabha passes RTI Amendment Bill amid Opposition uproar; what changes have been proposed under new law, Firstpost report
  • [July 24] 14 political parties from Rajya Sabha oppose the RTI amendment bill, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 24] Freedom of expression is under threat due to RTI Act amendments, say former Chief Information Commissioners, National Herald report.
  • [July 25] Rajya Sabha passes RTI amendment bill, Opposition walks out, Livemint report; India Today report; Business Standard report.

Data Protection Bill

  • [July 23] Personal data protection bill: IT Ministry may back storage curbs for critical, sensitive data, The Hindu Business Line report.
  • [July 27] Policymakers a divided lot on personal data bill provisions, ET Tech report.
  • [July 27] Personal data protection bill to take care of sovereign data concerns: Govt, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 28] Data protection bill still in limbo after 1 year; Govt refuses info, The Quint report.
  • [July 28] India will never compromise on its data sovereignty: Prasad, The Economic Times report; DNA India report; Firstpost report

Data Protection and Privacy

  • [July 23] Equifax to pay $650 million for the 2017 data breach, Medianama report;  New York Times report.
  • [July 24] Facebook agrees to pay record $5 billion settlement in privacy investigation, Time magazine report; NBC news report; The Economic Times report
  • [July 25] Record Facebook fine won’t end scrutiny of the company, ET tech report.
  • [July 25] WhatsApp announces privacy investigation partnership, ET Tech report.
  • [July 25] WhatsApp to engage with policymakers to strengthen privacy, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 25] Facebook ends Microsoft, Sony access to friend data, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 25] Facebook warns of costly privacy changes, discloses another US probe, ET tech report.
  • [July 26] UK Data Protection Agency issues new guidelines for data sharing, JD Supra report.

Data Localisation

  • [July 24] Only critical information may need to be housed in India, ET Tech report.
  • [July 24] India may tweak data privacy norms to keep only critical data in country: report, The Economic Times report; Business Today report.
  • [July 26] As data localisation gathers steam, RailTel goes on cloud offensive, The Hindu Business Line report.
  • [July 29] Big relief for foreign firms: Govt panel says no need to mirror personal data in India, Financial Express report; The Indian Express report.

Digital India

  • [July 22] Empowering India’s hardware startups: Qualcomm signs a technical bilateral cooperation agreement with MeitY, YourStory.com report.
  • [July 23] TRAI wants to be country’s data czar, MeitY not keen, The Economic Times report; Money Control report.
  • [July 26] India’s agricultural farms get a technology lift, ET Tech report.
  • [July 29] India’s mid-cap IT firms caught between shrinking deals and rising costs, ET tech report.

Content Regulation

  • [July 23] TikTok has removed over 60 lakh videos between July 2018 to April 2019, Medianama report
  • [July 23] Why they want TikTok banned in India, Medianama report.
  • [July 24] Over 150 cases of fake news reported during Lok Sabha elections, says Union Minister, News18 report.
  • [July 24] Over 2100 URLs on social media blocked in 2019: Prasad, The Outlook report.
  • [July 25] Govt says porn sites blocked by Jio, Airtel and others after 3 court orders, hints watching porn not illegal, India Today report.
  • [July 26] Muslim hawker beaten up over Jai Shri Ram chants in Bengal, internet suspended after tension, India Today report.
  • [July 26] Social influencers make hay while content shines, ET Tech report.
  • [July 26] POCSO amendment bill expands child porn definition to ‘any visual depiction’ of sexually explicit content involving children, Medianama report.

Aadhaar

  • [July 21] UIDAI to soon select adjudicating officer for inquiry in contravention cases, Money Control report.
  • [July 23] 100 plus e-seva centres in Chennai shut after operators lose access to Aadhaar website, Times of India report
  • [July 24] Income Tax return 2019: Compulsory mention of Aadhaar in ITR, Financial Express report.
  • [July 24] Devendra Fadnavis joins the ‘link Aadhaar with voter IDs’ bandwagon: report, Medianama report.
  • [July 25] States can now use Aadhaar data for their schemes, ET Tech report; The Hindu Business Line report, Livemint report; Money Control report.
  • [July 25] Aadhaar linking not mandatory for activation of RuPay cards, Times Now News report.
  • [July 25] Aadhaar misuse surfaces in Gurugram, The Tribune report.
  • [July 25] Providing Aadhaar details for ‘parivar pehchan patra’ purely voluntary: Khattar, The Week report.
  • [July 25] All Aadhaar issues have been settled: Nandan Nilekani, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 26] Plea against Aadhaar-vote link filed before Delhi HC, The Telegraph report.
  • [July 28] Fake Aadhaar racket busted in Andhra Pradesh, The New Indian Express report.
  • [July 28] Linking Aadhaar with election ID would disenfranchise elderly and manual labourers: ECI told, Counterview report.

E-Commerce

  • [July 22] How an in-house e-commerce platform revolutionised government procurement, ET Tech report.
  • [July 25] Shopping from Chinese e-tailers set to become more expensive, The Economic Times report; Entrackr report.
  • [July 26] Amazon engaging with Indian govt to seek stable e-commerce policy, ET Tech report.
  • [July 28] Government plans e-commerce boost for rural products, ET Tech report.
  • [July 29] Data, e-commerce laws held up as India, US talk, Hindustan Times report.

Digital payments

  • [July 26] Govt fears WhatsApp may share payment data with Facebook, others, ET Tech report.
  • [July 26] Digital payment firms wait for new finance secretary to discuss Merchant Discount rates (MDRs), ET tech report.
  • [July 27] WhatsApp’s payment service is now being tested by companies, ET Tech report.

Cryptocurrency

  • [July 22] FINRA extends deadline for firms to report crypto activity, CoinDesk report.
  • [July 22] Iran legalizes crypto mining, Coin Desk report.
  • [July 23] Inter-Ministerial Group suggests banning of private cryptocurrencies in India, The Economic Times report; Business Today report; Livemint report; Quartz report
  • [July 23] India mulling an official crypto-currency? Looks like govt veering towards the idea, The Economic Times report
  • [July 23] Swiss Data protection regulator seeks details on Facebook’s Libra, Coin telegraph report.
  • [July 24] Crypto startups say panel clueless about Distributed Ledger Tech, ET Tech report.
  • [July 24] Crypto community rails against crackdown proposed by Garg Committee, Entrackr report.
  • [July 24] Cryptocurrency ban bill: Finance Ministry wants to ban cryptocurrency, encourage blockchain, Medianama report.
  • [July 24] Panel’s cryptic stance foxes crypto investors, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 25] Investors in limbo as Centre proposes cryptocurrency ban, Times of India report.
  • [July 26] Indian government official resigns after drafting ‘flawed’ crypto bill, Bitcoin.com News report.
  • [July 27] IRS warns crypto holders: dodge tax and we’ll hand out stiff punishments, the Guardian report.
  • [July 27] Crypto mining malware targets cloud computing platforms, FX Street report.

Cybersecurity

  • [July 22] Israel to arm students on autism spectrum with cybersecurity skills, Times of Israel report.
  • [July 23] NSA to unveil a cybersecurity directorate report says, CNET report; The Wall Street Journal report; Forbes report.
  • [July 24] A contract programmer faces 10 years in jail for inserting a ‘logic bomb’ into a spreadsheet that caused the company to keep rehiring him, Business Insider report.
  • [July 25] Louisiana declares cybersecurity state of emergency after a series of attacks on school district systems, Dark Reading report.
  • [July 25] Russian hackers build fake Skype, Signal, Pornhub apps to lure victims, Defense One report.
  • [July 26] Does India have enough cybersecurity talent? Analytics India report.
  • [July 26] UK’s national Cybersecurity Centre warns over global DNS hijacking, JD Supra report.
  • [July 27] Cybersecurity spending to rise 37% in five years, The New India Express report.

Big Tech

  • [July 24] The struggle to regulate online giants like Facebook, Google, Amazon, ET Tech report.
  • [July 26] Australian anti-trust watchdog challenges market dominance of Google and Facebook in advertising and online news, Medianama report
  • [July 26] Big Tech release transparency report for the Global Internet Forum to counter terrorism, Medianama report.
  • [July 28] How regional languages are fueling You Tube’s growth in India, ET Tech report.

Emerging Tech/AI

  • [July 22] With $1 billion from Microsoft, an AI Lan wants to mimic the brain, The New York Times report; Tech Crunch report.
  • [July 23] Facial recognition: As airports in India start using the technology, how will it be regulated? Scroll.in report.
  • [July 23] How AI will help detect tiny drones 3 km away, Defense One report
  • [July 24] China’s ByteDance ventures into AI-generated music with Jukedeck deal, ET Tech report.
  • [July 24] Reliance owned Haptik aqcui-hires Los Angeles based AI startup Convrg, Tech Circle report.
  • [July 26] Facial recognition systems at IGI airport to be operational from next month: report, Medianama report.

Telecom/5G

  • [July 22] EU completes first phase of 5G cybersecurity risk assessment, RCR Wireless report.   [July 24] Top CoT panel clears Rs. 3,050 cr penalties on Airtel, Voda-Idea in PoI issue, ET Telecom report
  • [July 24] Jio is biggest mobile tower customer of BSNL, MTNL, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 25] National Security Advisory Board blows to 5G bugle: Build local muscle, get real on China, ET Prime report.

More on Huawei

  • [July 22] Huawei secretly helped build North Korea’s wireless network, leaked documents suggest, CNET report; The Guardian report.
  • [July 22] UK Government decision on 5G delayed, BBC News report.
  • [July 23] Huawei unit cuts more than 600 jobs from its US research wing following sanctions, Livemint report; Tech Crunch report.
  • [July 23] Huawei inks pact with Micromax to expand retail presence, but analysts wary of upside, The Hindu Business Line report.; Business Today report; Livemint report.
  • [July 24] Huawei faces new allegations over cybersecurity in the Czech Republic, Forbes report.
  • [July 26] China accuses FedEx of ‘holding up’ Huawei parcels, The Economic Times report.

Tech and Elections

  • [July 24] Electronic voting machines completely non-tamperable: Centre to Lok Sbaha, NDTV report.
  • [July 25] Tulsi Gabbard, Democratic Presidential Candidate, sues Google for $50 million, The New York Times report; The Wrap report.

Tech and Law Enforcement

  • [July 25] HC pings IIT-M professor for report on WhatsApp’s traceability, ET Telecom report
  • [July 27] RAW ex-chief urges coordination between intelligence agencies, The New Indian Express report.

Tech and National Security

  • [July 22] 275 items manufactured by OFB declared “non-core”, forces can procure it from OFB or open market, The Outlook report.
  • [July 23] In first 50 days, Modi Govt spent Rs. 8500 cr on defence deals, The Economic Times report
  • [July 23] Turkey threatens retaliation if US imposes sanctions over S-400 purchase, Jane’s Defence Weekly report.
  • [July 24] In his first Defence Acquisition Council meeting, Rajnath Singh to clear projects worth Rs. 10,000 crore, Times Now news report.
  • [July 24] HC asks Centre to examine whether to restrain Google from uploading Indian maps, ET Tech report.
  • [July 24] India all set to launch first-ever space war exercise ‘IndSpaceEx’, Jagran Josh report.
  • [July 25] More autonomy for OFB under planned corporatisation but job security to go, Times of India report.
  • [July 26] India to be self-reliant in defence manufacturing in the next five years: DRDO, Times Now News report.
  • [July 28] Facial recognition is changing Customs and Border protection operations, Defense One report.
  • [July 29] Rajnath wants DAC file summaries in Hindi, India Today report.
  • [July 29] State-owned enterprises continue to dominate defence production in India, The New Delhi Times report.

National Security Law

  • [July 22] National security, welfare schemes, foreign policy tops Modi government’s agenda in first 50 days of NDA-II, Swarajya report.
  • [July 22] Will book land mafia under NSA:UP CM, Times of India report.
  • [July 25] Lok Sabha passes anti-terror bill to ban individuals too as terrorists, amid Opposition concerns over misuse, Livemint report; The Business Standard report; Time of India report.

Opinions and Analyses

  • [July 21] Nitin Pai, Live Mint, Some space for the private sector in the race for space.
  • [July 22] Ankit Srivastava, New Delhi Times, Modi irradiates loopholed Defence procurement. 
  • [July 23] Yogesh Gupta, Times of India (blog), China is rapidly emerging as a technology superpower; far reaching-implications for India. 
  • [July 23] Ashit K Srivastava, The Pioneer, Achilles’ heel of data protection.
  • [July 23] Prannv Dhawan and John Simte, Deccan Herald, Dangers of regulatory approach in tackling fake news.
  • [July 23] Yaya Fanusie, Forbes, Will crypto rogues threaten the geopolitical order?
  • [July 24] Venkat Ananth and Shelley Singh, ET Tech, Big Tech and fair digital rules.
  • [July 24] Maj. Gen. Amrit Pal Singh (retd), The Tribune, National security  narrative and its economics.
  • [July 24] Rahul Matthan, Livemint, UPI is world-class and it’s time to take it international.
  • [July 25] Neiman Lab, Quartz, Should Facebook have a “quiet period” of no algorithm changes before a major election?
  • [July 26] Mishi Choudhary, Financial Express, Data safety regulation not barrier to India’s role as global destination. 
  • [July 26] Prasanto K Roy, India Today, Aadhaar: The offer you can’t refuse.
  • [July 26] Kunal Ambasta, The Indian Express, NIA Amendment Bill infringes upon state authority, must be reconsidered.
  • [July 27] Naman Pugalia, The Indian Express, Aadhaar must sync with voter IDs to empower citizens.
  • [July 27] Kalev Leetaru, Forbes, Does the Huawei debate matter when all roads in the digital world lead back to the US?
  • [July 28] Mathieu Duchatel, South China Morning Post, While weighing 5G security risks, France predicts it can manage Huawei without banning it.
  • [July 28] S Ragotham, Deccan Herald, India, with Chinese traits?
  • [July 28] Maj. Gen. Ashok Mehta, India Legal Live, Army information security: big brother is listening.
  • [July 28] Swathi Moorthy, Money Control, This week in IT: Tackling privacy breaches in an era where data is the new oil.

[July 15-22] CCG’s Week in Review: Curated News in Information Law and Policy

The National Investigation Agency Act was amended by Parliament this week, expanding its investigation powers to include cyber-terrorism; FaceApp’s user data privacy issues; and the leaked bill to ban cryptocurrencies— presenting this week’s most important developments in law and tech.

Aadhaar

  • [July 15] Govt plans Aadhaar based identification of patients to maintain health records, Live Mint report; The Indian Express report.
  • [July 15] Petition in Delhi HC seeking linking of Aadhaar with property documents, Live Mint report.
  • [July 15] Government stops verification process using Aadhaar for driving license, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 15] Government stops verification process using Aadhaar for driving license: Nitin Gadkari, ET Auto report.
  • [July 18] Will Aadhaar interchangeability for ITR make PAN redundant? Live Mint report.
  • [July 18] Govt floats idea for Aadhaar-like database for mapping citizen health, Business Standard report; Money Control report; Inc42 report.
  • [July 19] Linking Aadhaar with Voter ID— Election Commission to decide within weeks, The Print report; India Legal analysis.
  • [July 21] Mumbai man fights against linking Aadhaar to salary account, The Quint report.
  • [July 21] Violating SC rules, matrimonial site sells love, marriage using Aadhaar data, National Herald report.
  • [July 22] Large cash deposits may soon need Aadhaar authentication, Times of India report; Money Control report.

Right to Information

  • [July 19] Bill to amend RTI law introduced in Lok Sabha amid opposition, India Today report.

Free Speech

  • [July 18] Ajaz Khan of Big Boss fame arrested by Mumbai Police for TikTok video, The Asian Age report; DNA India report.
  • [July 19] Guwahati HC grants anticipatory bail to poets accused of writing communally charged poetry on Assam citizenship crisis, Live Law report.

Internet Governance

  • [July 16] MeitY to finalise Intermediary Liability rules amendment by month end, Medianama report; Inc42 report.

Data Protection and Data Privacy

  • [July 17] Canada probing data theft at military research center: reports, Business recorder report.
  • [July 17] BJP raises issue of privacy breach by tech devices in Rajya Sabha, BJD demads more funds, News 18 report.
  • [July 17] TMC MPs protest outside Parliament in Delhi, demand to bring Data Protection Law, DNA India report.
  • [July 17] Democrats issue warnings against viral Russia-based face-morphing app ‘FaceApp’, NPR report.
  • [July 18] Government notice to Tiktok, Helo; asks to answer 21 questions or face ban, Gadgets Now report; Medianama report; Business insider report.
  • [July 18] Singapore data protection enforcement guide released, Asia Business law Journal report.
  • [July 18] Irish Data Protection Commission issues advice over FaceApp privacy concerns, RTE report.
  • [July 18] Govt admits to data leak of unemployment figures ahead of May announcement in Rajya Sabha, terms the issue ‘serious’, Firstpost report.
  • [July 19] From bad to worse: PM Modi’s office has asked IT Ministry to keep a close eye on TikTok, India Times report.
  • [July 20] Equifax near $700 million settlement of data breach probes: WSJ, AL Jazeera report.
  • [July 21] Jio backs data protection; highlights future growth areas like agriculture, healthcare and education, The Economic Times report.

Data Localisation

  • [July 19] Firms exploring Telangana to set up data centres, The Hindu report.
  • [July 22] Bytedance starts building local data centre in India after lawmakers complain of data privacy, Entrackr report.
  • [July 22] China’s ByteDance to store Indian data locally after MPs raise concerns on privacy, national security, ET Tech report; Outlook report.
  • [July 22] Jio backs data localization to stave off cyberattacks, ET Tech report; Medianama report.

Digital India

  • [July 15] India lags peers in tech skills: Coursera study, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 16] WiFi on the go: Government pushes to keep Bharat connected, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 17] BMTC wants to reboot its IT plan, ET tech report.
  • [July 19] How improved infrastructure and tech firms are changing game development in India, ET Tech report.

Digital Payments and E-Commerce

  • [July 14] How women are sidelined in India’s e-commerce growth, ET Tech report.  
  • [July 17] Digital payment firms write to Government, asking compensation for losses incurred due to ‘zero’ merchant fee, Latestly report.
  • [July 22] How an in-house e-commerce platform Leaf Era has revolutionsed government procurement, ET Tech report.
  • [July 22] Aditya Birla Payments Bank to shut down due to “unanticipated developments in business landscape”, Medianama report.

Cryptocurrency

  • [July 15] Hacked crypto exchange Bitpoint discovers more millions are missing, Coin Desk report.
  • [July 15] India: Leaked draft bill would ban all crypto except ‘Digital Rupee’, Coin Telegraph report.
  • news to those Swiss authorities, Business Insider report.
  • [July 16] US says cryptocurrency is a national security issue, The New Indian Express report.
  • [July 16] Bitcoin and crypto suddenly branded a national security issue, Forbes report.
  • [July 16] Crypto a security threat, instrument for illicit activities: Trump admin, Business Standard report.
  • [July 17] Facebook said its Libra cryptocurrency will be regulated by Swiss authorities – but that was
  • [July 17] Making sense of chaos? Algos scour social media for clues to crypto moves, ET Markets report
  • [July 20] Cryptokart: Another Indian crypto exchange shuts doen operations, Coin Telegraph report.
  • [July 22] Crypto-attacks are rising in Asia—and cybersecurity AI may be the best way to fight the threat: Darktrace, Business Insider report.

Emerging Tech

  • [July 13] Facial recognition tech is growing stronger, thanks to your face, New York Times report.
  • [July 19] Is there a tug of war between Niti Aayog, IT Ministry on artificial intelligence project? India Today report.

Big Tech

  • [July 15] Tech giants to face US hearings on anti-trust, cryptocurrency, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 15] Amazon Web Services still on pole for $10bn defence cloud deal after Oracle case crashes, DataEconomy.com report.
  • [July 16] Google accused of ripping off digital ad technology in US lawsuit, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 19] EU opens investigation into anti-competitive conduct of Amazon: Will it face heat in India too? Entrackr report.

Telecom/5G

  • [July 17] Govt working on revival of BSNL: Minister tells Lok Sabha, The Hindu Business Line report.
  • [July 19] Make in India: Only half of country’s 268 cellphone makers stay afloat, Financial Express report.

More on Huawei

  • [July 16] The US Congress wants to block the Trump administration from weakening Huawei restrictions, The Verge report.
  • [July 17] US-China talks stuck in rut over Huawei, The Wall Street Journal report.
  • [July 19] Two-thirds of Canadians reject closer ties to China and want Huawei banned from 5G networks, poll says, South China Morning Post report.
  • [July 20] White House to host meeting with tech executives on Huawei ban: report, Business Standard report.  

Cybersecurity

  • [July 15] Use Indian IPRs to ensure telecom network security: Trade group. ET Telecom report.
  • [July 15] Indian IT managers facing budget crunch for cybersecurity, Live Mint report
  • [July 16] Your WhatsApp, Telegram files can be hacked: Symantec, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 16] IT companies tightening salary budgets, leveraging variable pay for niche skills, ET Tech report.
  • [July 17] Druva acquires hybrid data protection form CloudLanes, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 17] Indian Army launches massive crackdown on personnel violating its cybersecurity norms, The Print report.
  • [July 19] NSO spyware targets phones to get data from Google, Facebook, iCloud: Report, Medianama report.
  • [July 20] New bills on cybersecurity, crime against women soon: Union Minister, India Today report; The Indian Express report.
  • [July 21] An entire nation just got hacked, CNN report.
  • [July 22] Fix Rogue audits; guard Indian data; bulletproof 5G: India’s new cybersecurity chief’s Vision 2020, ET Prime report.
  • [July 22] Fake FaceApp software may infect your device, says global cybersecurity company Kaspersky Lab, New Nation report.

Tech and Elections

  • [July 14] New election systems use vulnerable software, AP News report.

Tech and Law Enforcement

  • [July 12] Revealed: This is Palantir’s Top-Secret User Manual for Cops, Vice Motherboard report.
  • [July 22] WhatsApp traceability case: Details of data requests made by Tamil Nadu Govt to social media companies, Medianama report.

Tech and Military

  • [July 14] French jetpack man flyboards up Champs-Elysees for Paris Parade, RFI report.
  • [July 15] Dassault offset money to help in skill training: FM Nirmala Sitharaman, Money Control report. Economic Times report.
  • [July 16] Modi Govt to buy Pilatus trainer aircraft following corruption charges, to ban Swiss defence firm for one year, OpIndia report.
  • [July 16] If India chooses F-21, it will plug into ‘world’s largest fighter plane ecosystem’: Lockheed Martin, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 17] AI has a bias problem and that can be a big challenge in cybersecurity, CNBC report
  • [July 17] IAF on spares buying spree, The Quint report.
  • [July 19] Lockheed Martin identifies 200 potential Indian partners, Hindustan Times report.
  • [July 18] Navy to buy Rs. 1,589 crore satellite from ISRO, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 18] Indian MoD issues RFP for heavyweight torpedoes for Kalvari-class submarines, Jane’s 360 report.
  • [July 18] Rafale will provide IAF strategic deterrence: Defence Ministry, Money Control report
  • [July 19] US F-35, poster child for ineptitude, inefficiency, The Middle East Monitor report.
  • [July 19] South African Council to collaborate with Indian defence industry, Outlook India report.
  • [July 20] DRDO carries out a dozen successful summer trials of NAG anti-tank missile, ANI report.
  • [July 21] IAF Pilots could soon fly Tom Cruise;s fighter jet from Top Gun Maverick, News 18 report.
  • [July 21] India to forge ahead with Russia accord despite US threat of sanctions, DNA India report.

National Security Legislation

  • [July 15] Lok Sabha passes bill that gives more powers to NIA, Live Mint report, ANI report.
  • [July 15] Lok Sabha passes NIA Amendment Bill to give more power to anti-terror agency; here’s all you need to know, Business Insider report.
  • [July 17] What is the National Investigation Agency Bill and why is it in contention?, Money Control report.
  • [July 17] Rajya Sabha passes National Investigation Agency Amendment Bill 2019, Live Mint report; Outlook India report.
  • [July 18] Cabinet asks finance panel to consider securing non-lapsable funds for defence, The Indian Express report; Financial Express report.
  • [July 20] New bills on cybersecurity, crime against women soon: Union Minister, India Today report; The Indian Express report.

Opinions and Analyses

  • [July 11] Ryan Gallagher, The Intercept, How US Tech giants are helping build China’s Surveillance state.
  • [July 15] Jemima Kelly, Financial Express, Trump v Crypto: rage against the obscene.
  • [July 15] Ravi Shanker Kappor, News 18 Opinion, Cost of not carrying out economic reforms: Acute shortage of funds for military modernisation.
  • [July 16] Jayshree Pandya, Forbes, Nuances of Aadhaar: India’s digital identity, identification system and ID.
  • [July 16] Binoy Kampark, International Policy Digest, The UN’s free speech problem.
  • [July 16] K Satish Kumar, DNA India, Need more clarity on data bill.
  • [July 16] Abhishek Banerjee, Swarajya, Richa Bharti: The Free Speech Hero India Needs.
  • [July 17] Ananth Krishnan, The Print, Three reasons why it’s not Huawei or the highway for India’s 5G future.
  • [July 17] Rajesh Vellakat, Financial Express, Personal Data Protection Bill: Will it disrupt our data ecosystem?
  • [July 17] Nouriel Roubini, Live Mint Opinion, Seychelles-based BitMEX and the great crypto heist.
  • [July 17] Tim O’Reilly, Quartz, Antitrust regulators are using the wrong tools to break up Big Tech.
  • [July 18] Tiana Zhang, Jodi Wu, Yue Qiu and Richard Sharpe, Mondaq, Newly released draft measures on data security management strengthen China’s data protection framework.
  • [July 18] Gwyn D’Mello, India Times, If you worry about FaceApp and not your Facebook and Aadhaar, you have bigger problems.
  • [July 18] Sue Halpern, The New Yorker, How Cyber Weaqpons are changing the landscape of modern warfare.
  • [July 19] TV Mohandas Pai and Umakant Soni, Financial Express, An AI innovation engine for New India.
  • [July 20] Amit Cowshish, The Tribune, Indo-US defence trade not free from encumbrances.
  • [July 20] Umberto Sulpasso, Eurasia Review, Domestic Knowledge Product: Enhancing Wealth, Welfare and National Security—Analysis.
  • [July 20] Tiffancy C Li, The Atlantic, FaceApp makes today’s privacy laws look antiquated.
  • [July 20] Tom Robinson, Venture Beat, Crypto can prevent money laundering better than traditional finance.
  • [July 21] Vimal Kumar Kashyap, The Pioneer, 5G to usher in fourth industrial revolution.
  • [July 21] Michael Ashley, Forbes, It’s time to fight back for data sovereignty.
  • [July 22] Vidushi Marda, The Hindu, Facial recognition is an invasive and inefficient tool.

[July 8-15] CCG’s Week in Review: Curated News in Information Law and Policy

The Parliament passed the Aadhaar Amendment Bill, expected to have a far-reaching impact on data sharing with private companies and State Governments; France rolled out a new “digital tax” for Big Tech, Facebook slapped with a massive $5bn fine by the US FTC, while uncertainty over Huawei’s inclusion in India’s 5G trials deepens  — presenting this week’s most important developments in law and tech.

In focus this week: opinions and analyses of the Defence Budget for 2019-20.

Aadhaar

  • [July 8] Parliament passes Aadhaar amendment bill, The Hindu Business Line report.
  • [July 8] RS clears bill on voluntary use of Aadhaar as ID proof, Live Mint report.
  • [July 8] Techie moves Madras High Court assailing compulsory linking of Aadhaar with Universal Account Number (UAN) to avail EPFO pension, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 9] You are not bound to share Aadhaar data with schools, banks and telcos, DNA India report.
  • [July 9] ‘Ordinance on Aadhaar use doesn’t survive as House has cleared the Bill’: Centre tells SC, The Hindu report.
  • [July 10] Aadhaar Bill passage in Parliament: New clause helps secure non-NDA votes, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 11] PAN not linked to Aadhaar will become invalid from September, Business Standard report.
  • [July 11] Aadhaar amendments: New clause to allow use of Aadhaar data for state schemes, Live Mint report.
  • [July 11] Amendment: no Aadhaar for mobile wallet firms, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 11] All your Aadhaar fears are coming true in Assam, HuffPost India report.
  • [July 13] Rajya Sabha passes Aadhaar amendment Bill, allows to file complaint in case of security breach, India Today report.
  • [July 14] You may soon have to pay Rs. 10,000 as fine for entering wrong Aadhaar number for transactions, New 18 report.

Free Speech

  • [July 9] Twitter backs off broad limits on ‘Dehumanizing Speech’, The New York Times report.
  • [July 10] TikTok influencers charged for hate speech and attempting to incite communal violence, Business Insider report.
  • [July 13] White House Social Media recap, National Public Radio report, CNN report, The New York Times report, Engadget report. The Verge report.
  • [July 13] FIRs against 10 for poems that try to ‘hinder NRC’ in Assam, Times of India report.
  • [July 15] RSS wing calls for TikTok, Helo ban, The Economic Times report.

Data Protection

  • [July 8] Indian parliament members call for Data Protection Bill and TikTok ban, Inc42 report.
  • [July 8] British Airways fined record 183 million for data breach involving 500,000 customers: report, Medianama report, BBC report.
  • [July 9] Digital data protection to be a fundamental right in Brazil as amendment to constitution is approved, Medianama report.
  • [July 12] Not ‘Okay Google’: Firms admits that workers listen to audio from Assistant, Home, Medianama report, Fox News report, VRT News report.
  • [July 12] Google data breach faces review by Irish privacy watchdog, Bloomberg report.
  • [July 13] Facebook fined $ 5 billion by US regulators over privacy and data protection lapses, News 18 report, The Hindu Business Line report.
  • [July 13] Indian Govt is selling vehicle owner data to companies and citizens don’t have a clue, Inc42 report, Entrackr report.
  • [July 15] Data protection law must be the same for both private and government players, The New Indian Express report.

Digital India

  • [July 15] PMO panel seeks multinational companies’ inputs on making India electronics hub, ET Telecom report.

Data Localisation and E-Commerce

  • [July 11] Gautam Adani woos Amazon and Google with Indian data hubs, ET Telecom report.
  • [July 9] A tug of war hots the draft e-commerce policy. US tech giants want leeway in data localisation, ET Prime report. [paywall]
  • [July 15] Delhi and Bengaluru customs stop clearing ‘gifts’, Economic Times report, Medianama report.

Telecom/5G

  • [July 15] Inter-ministerial panel clears draft RFP to select auctioneer for 2019 spectrum sale, ET Telecom report.

More on Huawei

  • [July 10] Huawei makes Monaco world’s fully 5G country, Live Mint report.
  • [July 10] Huawei ban eased but tech can’t relax, Financial Times report.
  • [July 11] NSAB members, Chinese diplomat cross swords over Huawei, Indian Express report.
  • [July 12] Doubts over Huawei’s participation in India’s 5G rollout deepen, Live Mint report, NDTV Gadgets 360 report.
  • [July 14] Huawei plans extensive layoffs at its US operations, Live Mint report, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 13] US tells Britain: Fall in line over China and Huawei, or no trade deal, The Telegraph report
  • [July 14] US seeks to discredit UK spies in war against Huawei, The Times UK report.

Big Tech: Regulation

  • [July 11] France passes law taxing digital giants in defiance of US anger, Agence France Presse report.
  • [July 10] US Announces Inquiry of French Digital Tax that may end in tariffs, The New York Times report.

Cryptocurrencies

  • [July 9] Indian govt to educate top cops on cryptocurrencies, aiming to investigate crypto matters, CrytpoNewZ report.
  • [July 9] Facebook to Senators: Libra crypto will respect privacy, Coin Desk report.
  • [July 11] Winklevoss-backed crypto self-regulatory group prepares to woo congress, Coin Desk report.
  • [July 12] Japanese crypto exchange hacked, loses $ 32 million, The Hindu Business Line report, Coin Telegraph report.
  • [July 13] Study exposes how Russia, Iran and China are weaponizing crypto, CNN report.
  • [July 13] China’s illegal crypto mining crackdown could ignite a bitcoin price rally, CNN report.
  • [July 15] IRS confirms it trained staff to find crypto wallets, Coin Desk report.

Emerging Tech

  • [July 9] AI in cybersecurity expected to surpass $38 billion, Security Boulevard report.
  • [July 14] How aritifical intelligence is solving different business problems, Financial Express report.
  • [July 14] Why AI is the future of cybersecurity, Forbes report.

Cybersecurity

  • [July 8] Chinese hackers demonstrate their global cyber espionage reach with breach at 10 of the world’s biggest telecoms, CPO Magazine report.
  • [July 12] Businesses in India tapping AI to improve cybersecurity, The Economic Times report, Fortune India report.
  • [July 15] Indian IT managers facing budget crunch for cybersecurity, The Economic Times report.

Tech and Law Enforcement: Surveillance and Cyber Crime

  • [July 8] NCRB invites bids to implement Automated Facial Recognition System, Medianama report.
  • [July 9]  The chase gets a lot easier for tech-wielding cops now, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 9] Delhi government begins installing CCTV cameras inside classrooms to prevent crime: report, Medianama report. Times now News report.
  • [July 10] Instagram announces two new anti-bullying features, Instagram’s announcement, Thw Wall Street Journal report, Medianama report.
  • [July 11] WhatsApp messages can be traced without diluting encryption, Zee News report.
  • [July 12] New POCSO bill to expand child porn definition to include anime, adults posing depicting children, Medianma report, Hindustan Times report.
  • [July 12] SC refuses to stay installation of CCTV cameras in Delhi Government schools, Medianama report, Bar & Bench report.

Tech and Military

  • [July 8] Japan-India security cooperation: Asian giants to expand their relations to Space, Financial Express report.
  • [July 8] Bill to tag individuals as ‘terrorist’ introduced in LS, Opposition protests: The Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act Amendment Bill, 2019, Business Standard report
  • [July 8] Government introduces Bill in Lok Sabha to amend National Investigation Agency Act, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 8] Govt to procure 1.86 lakh bullet proof jackets by April next, The Hindu Business Line report.
  • [July 8] India, Russia agree on new payment mode for S-400 deal to get around US sanctions, The Print report.
  • [July 9] National e-Governance Division to revamp management app for the army, The Week report.
  • [July 9] Amazon, Microsoft wage war over the Pentagon’s ‘war cloud’,  NDTV Gadgets 360 report
  • [July 10] Last chance to get tech: Navy says negotiating next 6 subs to take years, Business Standard report.
  • [July 10] Tactical communications market size in the US region is projected to experience substantial proceeds by 2024, Tech Mag report.
  • [July 11] Govt says looking at tech to seal northern and eastern borders, Live Mint report.
  • [July 11] Army man arrested for leaking info on national security, The Tribune report.
  • [July 12] Wait for sniper rifles gets longer, MoD retracts the RFP issued last year, Financial Express report.
  • [July 12] India, Russia discuss space cooperation, The Hindu report
  • [July 12] Israel arms company signs $100 million missile deal with Indian army, Middle East Monitor report.

Defense Budget: Reports and Analyses

  • [July 8] Budget 2019: India redirects foreign aid to Indian ocean countries, NSCS expenditure hiked, Business Standard report.
  • [July 8] Laxman K Behera, Institute for Defense Studies and Analysis, India’s Defence budget 2019-20.
  • [July 8] PK Vasudeva, Deccan Herald, An alarming fall: Defence Budget 2019-20.
  • [July 8] Mihir S Sharma, Business Standard, Budget 2019: India won’t become a superpower with these allocations.
  • [July 9] PRS Legislative Research’s analysis: Ministry of Defence Demands for Grants 2019-20.
  • [July 9] Why Sitharaman’s budgetary allocation is unlikely to satisfy defence establishment, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 10] Brahma Chellaney, Hindustan Times, India’s defence planning has no clear strategic direction.
  • [July 10] Harsh V Pant, Live Mint Opinion, We need not whine about India’s small defence budget.
  • [July 12] Commodore Anil Jai Singh, Financial Express, Budget 2019: Optimising the Defence Budget and the need for organizational reform.
  • [July 13] Shekhar Gupta, The Print, Modi isn’t about to change India into national security state like Pakistan and bankrupt it.
  • [July 13] Budget 2019: Cybersecurity – a holy grail for government’s Digital India dream, Financial Express analysis.
  • [July 15] Ravi Shanker Kapoor, News 18 Opinion, Cost of not carrying out economic reforms: acute shortage of funds for military modernization.

Opinions and Anlayses

  • [July 8] Adam Bemma, Al Jazeera, Is Sri Lanka using the Easter attacks to limit digital freedom?
  • [July 9] Dr M Suresh Babu and Dr K Bhavana Raj, The Hans India, Data Protection Bill – boon or bane for digital economy?
  • [July 8] Walter Olson, The CATO Institute blog, One year later, the harms of Europe’s data-privacy law.
  • [July 8]  Jack Parrock, Euro News, The Brief: Data privacy v. surveillance transatlantic clash.
  • [July 9] Abhijit Mukhopadhyaya and Nishant Jha, ORF, Amidst US-China standoff Huawei battles for survival.
  • [July 10] Kuldip Kunmar, The Economic Times, Budget 2019 shows govt’s will to use Aadhaar to track financial transactions.
  • [July 11] Darryn Pollock, Forbes, Is Facebook forming a crypto mafia as Libra foundation members boost each other’s businesses?
  • [July 12] Amitendu Palit, Financial Express, India ditches data dialogue again.
  • [July 12] Shantanu Roy-Chaudhary, The Diplomat, India-China-Sri Lanka Triangle: The Defense Dimension.
  • [July 12] Richard A Clarke and Robert K Knake, The Wall Street Journal, US companies learn to defend themselves in cyberspace.
  • [July 12] Simon Chandler, Coin Telegraph, US Sanctions on Iran Crypto Mining— Inevitable or Impossible?
  • [July 12] Shekhar Chnadra, Scientific American, What to expect from India’s second Moon mission.
  • [July 14] Agnidipto Tarafder and Siddharth Sonkar, The Wire, Will the Aadhaar Amendment Bill Pass Judicial Scrutiny?
  • [July 14] Scott Williams, Live Wire, Your crypto overlords are coming…
  • [July 15] Why Google cloud hasn’t picked up yet in India, ET Telecom report

[July 1-July 8] CCG’s Week in Review: Curated News in Information Law and Policy

The Union Budget for 2019-2020 brought with it a boost for using Aadhaar to file I-T returns amid escalating privacy concerns, but disappointed those hoping for larger allocations to modernisation of the armed forces. As the uncertainty over Huawei’s inclusion in 5G trials continues — presenting this week’s most important developments in law and tech.

Aadhaar

  • [July 4] Aadhaar bill seeking its use as ID to open bank account passes in Lok Sabha, India today report.
  • [July 4] UIDAI sets up first Aadhaar centres in Delhi and Vijayawada, to set up 114 more centres in 2019, Medianama report.
  • [July 5] Aadhaar ordinance: SC asks Centre, UIDAI to respond to writ petition, The Hindu report; The Economic Times report; Medianma report.
  • [July 6] Budget eases criteria of obtaining Aadhaar for NRIs with Indian passport, Business Standard report.
  • [July 6] Budget 2019 proposes to make PAN, Aadhaar interchangeable; soon you can file ITR using either of these, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 6] J&K Government approves Aadhaar linked payment mode for disbursal of pension, Business Standard report.
  • [July 7] Economic survey has based Aadhaar impact on MGNREGS on false assumptions, say researchers, The Hindu report.
  • [July 8] I-T to allot PAN to those filing returns only with Aadhaar, Live Mint report.

Internet Shutdowns

  • [July 2] India saw 11 internet shutdowns in June, 59 so far in 2019, Medianama report.
  • [July 4] Internet services in Jaipur set to resume today; parts of the city had been offline after rape of minor, Medianama report.
  • [July 4] Facebook, Instagram and WhatsApp back after 8-hour outage that left users unable to upload photos, videos, Medianama report.
  • [July 5] Following communal violence, internet remains closed in Agra, India today report.

Free Speech

  • [July 3] Centre has no plans to scrap sedition law, Minister tells Rajya Sabha; The Hindu report.
  • [July 5] MDMK Chief vaiko convicted in sedition case, sentenced to one year imprisonment, The Hindu Business Line report.

Data Protection

  • [July 1] Data Protection Bill: MHA wants insulation for security agencies, The Tribune report.
  • [July 2] TikTok illegally collecting data received by China, claims Shashi Tharoor, News18 report.
  • [July 2] Tik Tok under investigation in the UK over children’s data use, The Guardian report.
  • [July 2] China’s new data protection scheme, The Diplomat report.
  • [July 3] Comprehensive legislation on data privacy under formulation: Ravi Shankar Prasad; The Economic Times report.
  • [July 4] Won’t allow abuse of Indian data by foreign powers or companies, says RS Prasad in Rajya Sabha , Medianama report.
  • [July 5] Govt needs to leverage data as public good to boost welfare of poor, Live Mint report.
  • [July 6] Economic Survey pushes for interlinking and selling citizens’ data for private purposes: Rethink Aadhaar, Money Life report.

Digital India

  • [July 4] Qualcomm India extends design challenge to MeitY supported startups, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 8] No incentive left for banks to push digital pay, fears fintech, ET Tech report.

Cryptocurrencies

  • [June 30] ‘Govt Screwed Us’ Crypto Startup Coin Recoil Founder Writes An Open Letter To PM. Inc42 report.
  • [July 2] Remaining crypto exchanges in India bet on global markets, ET Tech report.
  • [July 3] Bitcoin’s energy consumption ‘equals that of Switzerland’, BBC report.
  • [July 5] Indian authorities arrest 4 individuals accused of crypto ponzi scheme, Coin Telegraph report.
  • [July 5] US lawmakers tell Facebook to halt Libra as it risks undermining dollar and upending global financial system, Medianama report.
  • [July 7] New ECB boss Christine Lagarde made a serious Bitcoin warning, Forbes report.

Telecom/5G

  • [July 3] Samsung talks about its 5G solution, readiness to work with telecom operators in India, India Today report
  • [July 2] Samsung to ramp up Internet of Things business in India after 5G roll out, Times Now News reports

More on Huawei

  • [July 3] Despite Trump’s promised reprieve, Commerce Department tells staff to continue treating Huawei as blacklisted, Tech Crunch report.
  • [July 3] Indian companies supplying (US origin equipment)  to Huawei may face US sanctions: Govt, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 4] Donald trump eases off Huawei as forms discover holes in his export ban, The Economist’s analysis.
  • [July 4] India to decide on Huawei participation in 5G trial based on security and economic interests, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 5] Huawei disputes US cyber firm’s findings of flaws in gear, The Wall Street Journal report.
  • [July 6] Huawei employees linked to China’s military and intelligence, reports claim, Forbes report.
  • [July 6] Huawei is helping all the UK’s top carriers build their 5G networks, Engadget report.

Cybersecurity

  • [July 2] Air travel needs cybersecurity, now tighter than ever, Financial Express report.
  • [July 3] New Zealand updates its cybersecurity strategy, ZDNet report.
  • [July 3] Tech Mahindra, SSH to deploy cutting edge cybersecurity solutions to secure access control for enterprises, Dataquest India report.
  • [July 3] 25 Central, State govt websites hacked till May this year: Ravi Shankar Prasad; The economic Times report.
  • [July 5] Getting up to speed with AI and Cybersecurity, Tech radar explainer.
  • [July 5] The Biggest Cybersecurity Crises of 2019 so far, The Wired report.
  • [July 6] New ransomware named Sodin exploits Windows flaw identified by cybersecurity firm Kaspersky, The Indian Wire report.

Cyberwarfare

  • [July 3] Suspected Iranian Cyber Attacks Show No sign of slowing, Defense One report.
  • [July 4] Report: Pentagon should assume US satellites are already hacked, Defense One report.

Surveillance/ Tech and Law Enforcement

  • [July 1] NSAB comes up with traceability to help Whatsapp, Economic Times report
  • [July 2] China snares tourists’ phones in surveillance dragnet by adding secret app, The New York Times report; Wired report; The Guardian report.

Tech and Military

  • [July 1] Indian Air Force orders Russian-made anti-tank missiles for USD 29 million, Jane’s Defence Weekly report.
  • [July 1] Modi govt spent Rs. 2.37 lakh crore on modernisation of armed forces in 4 years, Business Today report.
  • [July 2] India’s defence budget has nearly doubled in 5 years but the money is not enough to upgrade the weapons. Business Insider report.
  • [July 4] Funds shrinking, Army wants budget 2019 to make special allowance for GST, customs duties, The Print report.
  • [July 5] Budget 2019: Experts feel not much to change for armed forces, The New Indian Express report.
  • [July 5] 0.01% – The increase in defence allocation from interim budget as modernisation put on hold, News18 report.
  • [July 5] Budget 2019: Defence gets duty exemption on imports, no big allocation, say experts, Financial Express report; The Hindu report.
  • [July 5] India outlines progress in ‘Strategic Partner’ projects, Jane’s Defense Weekly report.
  • [July 5] Defence Ministry approves Army Headquarters restructuring plans: Gen Bipin Rawat, Business Standard report.
  • [July 6] Army, Nation e-Governance Division ink pact for developing revamped app, Money Control report.
  • [July 6] MBDA, French Army team develop AI based automatic target recognition by imaging system, Defense World report.
  • [July 7] Indian Army to buy American howitzer ammo for long-range accurate strikes, The Economic Times report.
  • [July 8] DRDO carries out three successful Nag tests in one day in Pokhran, The Economic Times report.

Opinions and Analyses

  • [July 1] Abhijit Kumar Dutta, Money Control, 5G test run: Is barring Huawei a good idea? Probably not.
  • [July 1] Maahi Mayuri, Mondaq News Alerts, India: Data Localisation: What’s in it for us?
  • [July 2] Allie Funk, Wired, I opted out of facial recognition at the airport – it wasn’t easy.
  • [July 3] Times of India editorial, Don’t hug Huawei: Beware of allowing Chinese firms entry into India’s 5G market.
  • [July 3] Amol Agarwal, Money Control, Facebook’s Libra currency – will it rewrite the crypto playbook?
  • [July 3] Harsh V Pant and Kartik Bommakanti, Observer Research Foundation, India’s national security challenge.
  • [July 3] Manas Chakravarty, Money Control, Why the US is targeting Huawei.
  • [July 3] India’s response to China’s cyber attacks, The Diplomat’s analysis.
  • [July 3] Rohan Venkatramakrishnan, Scroll.in, Where is the personal data protection that Indian were promised? 
  • [July 3] Business Standard editorial comment, The crypto challenge. [paywall]
  • [July 5] Key tech related takeaways from Union Budget 2019-20, Medianama summary.
  • [July 5] Afiya Qureshi, Mashable India, Indian Government plans to monitor the internet through a centralized system: should we worry?
  • [July 5] Pravin Sawhney, The Wire, Defence Budget: Skewed ratio of allocations hurts India’s war preparedness.
  • [July 5] Debajit Sarkar, Financial Express, Budget 2019: There is a need to boost defense expenditure.
  • [July 6] Sounak Mukherjee, Money Control, TMC MP Mahua Moitra’s privacy concerns on Aadhaar stand tall against FM Nirmala Sitharaman’s Budget 2019 proposals,
  • [July 6] Ivan Mehta, The Next Web, India claims its Aadhaar push is for the ‘good’ of the people despite serious privacy concerns.
  • [July 6] Ilangovan Rajasekaran, Frontline, Conviction in sedition case will not affect Vaiko’s election to Rajya Sabha.
  • [July 7] Wired Opinion, How to protect our kids’ data and privacy.
  • [July 7] Sara Harrison, Wired, Twitter’s disinformation dumps are helpful – to a point.
  • [July 7] Lt. Gen. KJ Singh, Times of India (blog), Union Budget tells armed forces to cut the coat as per cloth.