Comparative tracker for the Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022

The Digital Personal Data Protection Bill, 2022 (“2022 Bill”) was released by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology on November 18, 2022, with the stated intent of being concise, comprehensible, and simplified for the citizens. For these reasons, the 2022 Bill has made significant changes to the framework of the earlier Personal Data Protection Bill, 2019 (“2019 Bill”), which was withdrawn earlier this August during the Monsoon session of the Parliament.

We have prepared this detailed tracker to record the changes made in the 2022 Bill, and compared the differences in the key provisions of the 2022 Bill and the 2019 Bill. This tracker can be a helpful reference while analysing the two Bills, or even a quick guide to the changes brought out in the 2022 Bill. 

This tracker has used the 2019 Bill as reference for the changes, as this was the last version of the Data Protection Bill which was introduced before the Parliament as a comprehensive legislation. We have analysed each clause and sub-clause of the 2022 Bill and compared it to the corresponding provisions of the 2019 Bill. We have provided the full text of the provisions (highlighting the differences) as well as a brief summary of changes under the 2022 Bill. Readers may use the 2022 Bill as the base, when looking for the changes made to specific provisions of the 2019 Bill.

As the public and expert analyses and opinions on the 2022 Bill are still being developed, we invite comments on any errors or omissions of corresponding provisions which may be present in this tracker.

The tracker can be accessed here.

Please note: a detailed list of the removed provisions from the 2019 Bill will be added to the tracker in the next few days.

(Compiled by Tejaswita Kharel and Vignesh Shanmugam)

(Update January 24, 2023: We have included in the tracker a detailed list of provisions removed from the 2022 Bill along with our comments on the same)

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